Freeport, N.Y.: Close-up shot of a Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine booster shot being administered in person’s arm as the Mount Sinai South Nassau Vaxmobile vists Freeport High School, in Freeport, New York on November 30, 2021.
Steve Pfost | Newsday | Getty Images
Three doses of Pfizer and BioNTech’s vaccine provide a high level of protection against the omicron variant of the virus that causes Covid-19, the companies announced on Wednesday.
A booster shot of the vaccine increases antibody protection 25-fold compared with the initial two-dose series, according to a preliminary lab study. A third shot produces antibody levels comparable to those induced by the two-dose initial series against the original strain, which are associated with a high level of protection.
“Although two doses of the vaccine may still offer protection against severe disease caused by the Omicron strain, it’s clear from these preliminary data that protection is improved with a third dose of our vaccine,” Pfizer CEO Albert Bourla said in a joint statement with BioNTech.
“Ensuring as many people as possible are fully vaccinated with the first two dose series and a booster remains the best course of action to prevent the spread of COVID-19,” Bourla said.
The companies said two-doses of the vaccine showed a significant reduction in the ability of antibodies to target and neutralize omicron, though they may still protect against severe disease. Pfizer and BioNTech expect to have a vaccine that specifically targets omicron available by March 2022.
The data comes after a small, preliminary lab study by South African scientists found that omicron evaded the protection provided by antibodies to a significant degree in blood samples taken from individuals fully vaccinated with the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine.
Bourla said on Tuesday that omicron appears to cause milder symptoms, but spreads faster and could lead to more mutations in the future.
“I don’t think it’s good news to have something that spreads fast,” Bourla told The Wall Street Journal during an interview at the paper’s CEO Council Summit. “Spreads fast means it will be in billions of people and another mutation may come. You don’t want that.”
While scientists believe that omicron spreads faster, they have said that more data is needed to determine the severity of disease caused by the variant.
“We will have a good understanding let’s say before the year-end as to what exactly it means for clinical manifestation,” Bourla said in reference to the omicron variant Tuesday.
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